symposia

U01 Achieving Sustainable Development: The Role for Earth Sciences

 

Convener: Keith Alverson (CCEC; Japan/USA)

Co-Conveners: Ian Allison (IACS, Australia), Harry Bryden (IAPSO, UK), Jianping Li (IAMAS, China), Dan Rosbjerg (IAHS, Denmark), Harald Schuh (IAG), Zhongliang Wu (IASPEI, China).

 

Description

Focus in the sustainable development community has coalesced around a set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set by the United Nations. These broad goals are extremely, indeed impossibly, ambitious. Goal one, for example, is to “end poverty in all its forms everywhere” with a deadline of 2030. They nonetheless provide a structure around which our aspirations as a global society can be placed. Although the goals are clearly interrelated each has its own targets to achieve, and a set of quantitative indicators against which to measure progress against those targets (https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/indicators/indicators-list/). Many of these indicators are directly related to geosciences. Thus, geoscientists are well placed both to assist with fundamental understanding on the usefulness, or lack thereof, of these particular indicators, how we might intervene to make progress in attaining them, as well as how to accurately and efficiently monitor the results. Goal 6 on ‘water’ for example, has as one of its indicators (6.6) “Change in the extent of water-related ecosystems over time” begging some rather obvious questions such as which ecosystems are not “water-related”, whether their extent can be measured and distinguished from other areas, and if extent is a meaningful indicator of their overall wellbeing. Another target (13.1) is to “strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate related hazards and natural disasters in all countries” a topic that has been one of the core justifications of much geophysical research for over a century. This symposium will comprise a series of invited talks from Earth system scientists on how our science can help assess and achieve the sustainable development goals, with ample time for audience discussion. Additional presentations are invited for poster presentations.

 

Invited Speakers (confirmed):

Tom Beer (Australia), Jillian Cambell (USA), Qin Dahe (China), Amy Luers (Canada), Murugesu Sivapalan (USA), Martin Visbeck (Germany), Zinta Zommers (Latvia)

U02 Georisk Reduction: Science, Resources, and Governmental Action

 

(jointly with the American Geophysical Union and the U.S. National Committee for Geodesy and Geophysics)

Convener: John L. LaBrecque (IAG, USA)

Co-Convenors: Mohsen Ghafory-Ashtiany (IASPEI, Iran), Vyacheslav Gusiakov (IAPSO, Russia), Christa von Hillebrandt-Andrade (IAPSO, Puerto Rico), Michael Krautblatter (IACS, Germany), Joan Marti (IAVCEI, Spain), Kuniyoshi Takeuchi (IAHS, Japan), Alan Thomson (IAGA, UK), Chun-Chieh Wu (IAMAS, China – Academy of Sciences in Taipei).

 

AGU’s co-conveners: Brooks Hanson (AGU Headquarters, USA), Ramesh Singh (India/USA), Linda Rowan (USA), Seth Stein (USA).

US-NCGG co-conveners: Stephen McNutt (IAVCEI, USA), Ester Sztein (NAS, USA)

 

Description

The International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG) and the American Geophysical Union (AGU) hereafter known as AGU-IUGG will celebrate the centennial epoch of their founding in 2018 and 2019. The AGU-IUGG agree to jointly sponsor two successive meetings in association with the AGU 2018 Fall Meeting in Washington, D.C., USA, 10-14 December 2018 (Meeting 1: Conference on Disaster Science) and the 27th IUGG General Assembly in Montreal, Canada, 8-18 July 2019 (Meeting 2: Symposium on Georisk Reduction: Science, Resources, and Governmental Action). The AGU-IUGG expect that these meetings will create mechanisms for improved coordination between scientists, engineers, decision-makers disaster managers, and financiers to address the challenges of growing impacts of natural hazards upon society. The meetings will (i) address genesis of natural mega-hazard events and resultant disasters; (ii) focus upon models for implementation and the building of partnerships for science-based disaster prevention, mitigation and recovery and present exemplary case studies; (iii) bring together representatives of the scientific community, government agencies, policy experts, and commercial entities such as the insurance and banking sectors; (iv) focus upon the promotion of collaborations between new technologies for disaster early warning and improved forecast modelling; and (v) strive for the development of a holistic model for hazard and disaster mitigation.

Invited Speakers (will represent science, technology, government disaster policy and response, insurance and finance. The speakers will also engage in a panel discussion that will engage the audience).

U03 Mathematics of Planet Earth: The Science of Data

 

Convener: Ilya Zaliapin (CMG, USA)

Co-Conveners: Yehuda Ben-Zion (CMG, USA), Malcolm Sambridge (IASPEI, Australia), Gordon Swaters (IAPSO, Canada), Shin-Chan Han (IAG, Australia)

 

Description

This symposium will highlight the elemental role that mathematical and statistical ideas play in the geosciences and encourage further research answering fundamental questions about our planet and dynamic environment. The symposium will showcase how different elements of Earth System science – including observations, data analysis, mathematical, physical, and computer modeling – facilitate a predictive understanding the Earth’s surface, interior, oceans and atmosphere. A particular focus will be on the emergence of data science and the ways artificial intelligence and machine learning play in data-driven geophysical knowledge discovery. The symposium will contribute to the international program Mathematics of Planet Earth.

 

Invited Speakers (confirmed):

Felix Herrmann (Canada), Kenneth Golden (USA), Anya Reading (Australia), Andrea Rinaldo (France), Michel Stein (USA)

 

U04 Data-driven Science for Earth and Space Exploration

 

Convener: Satheesh Shenoi (IAPSO, India)

Co-conveners: Sonia Costa (IAG, Brazil), Ellen Clarke (IAGA, UK), Michelle Guy (IASPEI, USA), Robert M. Key (IAPSO, USA), Silvia Massaro (IAVCEI, Italy), Yasuhiro Murayama (IAMAS, Japan), Bruce Raup (IACS, USA), Ashish Sharma (IAHS, Australia)

 

Description

Henry Stommel, a groundbreaking theoretician and an astute seagoing oceanographer, stated that "…the data gathered from the ocean is the very lifeblood of our science…”. Data gathering is in fact critical for Earth and Space Science. Few research fields can claim a longer history of problem solving requiring voluminous data than Earth and Space science. During this symposium the opportunities provided by large data collections to explore the frontiers of Earth and Space science will be examined. Another goal of the symposium is to dwell on the support needed at global, national, and regional levels for effective and efficient management and exchange of such data through certified open access repositories, promoting the idea that ‘the whole is greater than the sum of its parts’. Big Data techniques have been applied to seemingly intractable problems with spectacular success. Processing complete satellite archives for trends in oceanographic parameters or global glacier velocities are examples. It is important to expand the application of those concepts in Earth and Space research. Perhaps, a distributed data management system using advanced analytic tools that takes advantage of the underlying commonality would be appropriate. An infrastructure that facilitates flexible collaboration would provide an environmental interface that encourages the uses of data across sub-disciplines. Given the inherent inertia, each component must bring unique advantages over the ‘old ways’ of conducting Earth and Space science research. The challenges are to enable the processing of multi-disciplinary heterogeneous datasets, to improve their interoperability and integration in Big Data projects and therefore enhance the capability in deriving holistic information on Earth and Space System. Expected outcomes of the symposium include (i) building awareness of the importance and advantages of sharing data among a wide group of audiences and user groups, (ii) capacity building and technology transfer for the management and analysis of data, (iii) securing the commitment of key partners and stakeholders to the aims and sustainability of the Big Data programmes, and (iv) influencing the specific policies for the management of Earth and Space data.

 

Invited Speakers (confirmed):

Cynthia Chandler (USA), Steve Diggs (USA), Michael Diepenbroek (Germany), Auroop R. Ganguly (USA), Alex Gardner (USA), Mattias Huss (Switzerland), Anna Kelbert (USA), Toste Tanhua (Germany)

U05 New Discoveries in Earth'S Deep Interior

 

Convener: Jonathan Aurnou (SEDI, USA)

Co-Conveners: Mike Bergman (IAVCEI, USA), Carla Braitenberg (IAG, Italy), George Helffrich (IASPEI, Japan), Christine Thomas (IASPEI, Germany)

 

Description

New insights on the Earth's deep interior require a multidisciplinary approach. Thus, this symposium seeks contributions covering from core to mantle, including observations, material properties, structure and dynamics. In the mantle, composition, rheology, density, electric and magnetic properties are required to define the dynamical evolutionary path through space-time. The recent satellite missions GRACE, GOCE and SWARM, and novel teleseismic methods give new insights into deep Earth physical properties and state. Models of mantle convection and the interaction with lithospheric plates and subducted relics use these data as input to define the models in greater detail. Geodetic and seismic data provide inputs necessary for constraining possible stable layers in the outer core, with high resolution models of the geomagnetic field required to make further progress in our understanding of core dynamics and dynamo generation. Seismology and mineral physics continue to work in tandem to further our understanding of inner core structure and dynamics. We also welcome studies concerning global-scale coupling, including the dynamical interaction between the inner, outer core, the mantle and earth rotation.

 

Invited Speakers (confirmed):

Magali Billen (USA), Sanne Cotaar (UK), Jennifer Jackson (USA), Roland Pail (Germany), Binod Sreenivasan (India), Quentin Williams (USA)

 

U06 Recent Advances and Discoveries in Planetary Science and Comparative Planetology

 

Convener: Athena Coustenis (UCPS, France)

Co-Conveners: Isabelle Ansorge (IAPSO, South Africa), Shuanggen Jin (IAG, China), Sanjay Limaye (IAMAS, USA), Mioara Mandea (IAGA, France), Scott Rafkin (IAMAS, USA), Stephanie Werner (IASPEI, Norway)

 

Description

Spacecraft and telescopic observations continue to expand the boundaries of our knowledge of our Solar System and other extrasolar systems. With each discovery and advance, the place our own planet holds in our solar system but also the formation and evolution of planetary systems in general and of our Solar System in particular, is refined. The goal of this Symposium is to bring forward the most recent findings in planetary sciences that reveal new perceptions of each object in the solar system (terrestrial and giant planets, small bodies, satellites, magnetospheres, our Sun, etc) and offer a comparative planetology perspective. By examining recent results from space missions and ground-based observations, laboratory and modeling studies, we will look at main discoveries on interior structure and geodynamic evolution of solar system planets, small bodies and exoplanets; the variety and comparison of processes controlling the evolution of surfaces and atmospheres of planets and small bodies; the dynamics, composition and chemistry of worlds with surface and subsurface oceans; and the diversity of potential astrobiological environments. The broadest range of topics within planetary science are encouraged, contributions that reflect the theme of comparative planetology and astrobiological aspects are especially welcome. Studies that reflect the interdisciplinary nature of planetary science and the connection with the IUGG main themes pertaining to the Earth’s system are also of particular interest.

 

Invited Speakers (confirmed):

Sushil Atreya (USA), Scott Bolton (USA), François Forget (France), Richard Ghail (UK), Olivier Grasset (France), Alan Stern (USA)

 

U07 Centennial of International Cooperation in Earth and Space Sciences

 

Conveners: Claude Boucher (WGH, France), Alik Ismail-Zadeh (IUGG, Germany/Russia)

Co-Conveners: Ed Cliver (IAGA, USA), Hermann Drewes (IAG, Germany), John Gould (IAPSO, UK), Grant Heiken (IAVCEI, USA), Pierre Hubert (IAHS, France), Rainer Kind (IASPEI, Germany), Hans Volkert (IAMAS, Germany)

 

Description

The IUGG was established at the inaugural General Assembly of the International Research Council on 28 July 1919 in Brussels, Belgium. This symposium will mark the 100th anniversary of the inception of the Union, highlighting the achievements of the IUGG and its Associations for the centennial period, especially in promotion of international research cooperation for the betterment of human society and advancement of the geosciences. The symposium theme will cover all stages of the development of the Union from its early years (1922), its maturation period (1922-39), and its continued development (after the Second World War) including major political and scientific changes. The symposium will focus on major activities, such as general assemblies, scientific programs, products, services, publications, and the contributions of influential individuals representing different nations, choosing to work together to advance the Earth and Space sciences.

 

Invited Speakers (confirmed):

Ian Allison (Australia), Jószef Ádám (Hungary), Ray Cas (Australia), JoAnn Joselyn (USA), Michael MacCracken (USA), Eduard Petrovsky (Czech Republic), Dan Rosbjerg (Denmark), Johannes Schweitzer (Norway), Denise Smythe-Wright (UK)

U08 Earth and Space Observations

 

Convener: Richard Gross (IAG-GGOS; USA)

Co-conveners: Steve Ackerman (IAMAS, USA), Andy Hooper (IAVCEI, UK), Chris Hopkinson (IAHS, Canada), Matt King (IACS, Australia), Mioara Mandea (IAGA, France), Mahdi Motagh (IASPEI, Germany), Sarah Purkey (IAPSO, USA)

 

Description

Earth and space observations provide the data needed to gain greater scientific understanding of the Earth and its interacting systems. But Earth and space observations also have great societal impact, being used to inform decisions about climate change, aiding in disaster risk reduction, and helping to achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. The Global Climate Observing System, the Global Ocean Observing System, and the Global Geodetic Observing System are striving to provide the observations needed to inform decisions in these and other areas. And the Group on Earth Observations (GEO) and the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) are working to provide Earth observations to decision makers so they can make informed decisions about these complex issues. This Symposium will be a forum for discussing the use of Earth and space observations to address climate, cryospheric and sea level change, natural hazards, and space weather.

 

Invited Speakers (confirmed):

Juliette Lambin (France), Markus Rothacher (Switzerland), Stefano Salvi (Italy), Andrew Shepherd (UK), Steve Volz (USA), Susan Wijffels (USA)

U09 Celebrating Early Career Scientists

 

Convener: Kathryn Whaler (IUGG Vice President, UK)

 

Description

This symposium is dedicated to honor the 2019 Early Career Scientist Awardees, who will present their innovative research

IUGG 2019 Conference Secretariat JPdL International

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